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Riverbridge Primary School

Early Years Foundation Stage (Nursery & Reception)

The early years foundation stage (EYFS) is a comprehensive statutory framework. The framework sets standards for development, learning and care of children from birth to five. Throughout the EYFS the children will be assessed using ‘Development Matters’.

There are seven areas of learning that are divided into two groups: 

The prime areas begin to develop quickly in response to realtionships and experiences, and run through and support learning in all other areas. The prime areas continue to be fundamental throughout the EYFS.
The specific areas include essential skills and knowledge. The grow out of the prime areas, and provide important contexts for learning.

Personal, Social & Emotional Development  

  • Self regulation
  • Managing self  
  • Building relationships

Communication and Language

  • Listening and Attention  
  • Attention & understanding
  • Speaking

Physical Development  

  • Fine motor skills
  • Gross motor skills




  • Comprehension
  • Word reading
  • Writing


  • Number
  • Numerical patterns

Understanding the World

  • Past and present
  • People, Culture and Communities
  • The Natural World

Expressive Arts and Design

  • Creating with Materials
  • Being Imaginative & Expressive

Below you can read more about each of the seven areas of learning in more detail:

Communication and Language

We learn to develop our listening and attention skills by listening to one another and to nursery rhymes, songs and stories. We develop our understanding by responding to questions and instructions. We use language as way of communicating our needs, sharing experiences and demonstrating our understanding. 


Expressive Arts and Design

Art is a way of understanding the world and of communicating ideas and feelings. It is a valuable means of communication and self-expression. Art and Design experiences help to develop creativity and imagination in the individual. Children learn how to express their ideas and feelings, interpret visual images, transform materials into images and objects and to work with intuition as well as logic. They also develop the skills of planning and visualisation and will study the work of artists, craftsmen and designers.

In the early years, expressive art and design provides children with opportunities to explore and play with a wide variety of media and materials. Pupils learn to use a range of simple tools and techniques safely and independently. They represent their feelings and ideas in new and original ways using a range of creative resources, such as designing and making a model bridge when learning about The Three Billy Goats Gruff.

In Key Stages 1 and 2, children further develop their skills and understanding of specific art techniques. Children are taught the processes and techniques of art, craft and design including: colour, drawing, pattern, texture, textiles, painting, sculpture, printing and evaluating. These elements of art are taught alongside the skills necessary to work in 2D and 3D.


 We learn about numbers, recognising them and representing them in different ways. We continue to use number to solve practical problems and then develop understanding to calculate and record.

We explore shape and space using different resources. We  develop our understanding of measure using sand and water and then develop skills further with balances and non standard units of measure.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

  We learn to learn together by building relationships with other children and adults.

We learn to increase our self-confidence and self-awareness. We develop our ability to manage our own feelings and behaviour. 

Physical Development

  We develop independence in health and self-care.

We learn to move and handle equipment safely and correctly.

Understanding the World

 We develop our understanding of the world by discussing our own families and local community.

We explore our environment discussing what we see and the changes that we observe.

We learn about technology using remote controls, operating equipment and computers. We use computers to enhance our learning and every class has an Interactive White Board to share learning and bring the world into our classrooms.

Riverbridge Primary School